Publications

Publications in 2019 of type Conference Proceedings

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    2019

    • Mehmet Cakir, Timo Häckel, Sandra Reider, Philipp Meyer, Franz Korf, and Thomas C. Schmidt. A QoS Aware Approach to Service-Oriented Communication in Future Automotive Networks. In: 2019 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC). Dec. 2019,
      [Abstract], [Online], [ArXiv], [Bibtex]

      Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) is about to enter automotive networks based on the SOME/IP middleware and an Ethernet high-bandwidth communication layer. It promises to meet the growing demands on connectivity and flexibility for software components in modern cars. Largely heterogeneous service requirements and time-sensitive network functions make Quality-of-Service (QoS) agreements a vital building block within future automobiles. Existing middleware solutions, however, do not allow for a dynamic selection of QoS. This paper presents a service-oriented middleware for QoS aware communication in future cars. We contribute a protocol for dynamic QoS negotiation along with a multi-protocol stack, which supports the different communication classes as derived from a thorough requirements analysis. We validate the feasibility of our approach in a case study and evaluate its performance in a simulation model of a realistic in-car network. Our findings indicate that QoS aware communication can indeed meet the requirements, while the impact of the service negotiations and setup times of the network remain acceptable provided the cross-traffic during negotiations stays below 70% of the available bandwidth.

      @InProceedings{   chrmk-qosso-19,
        author        = {Mehmet Cakir AND Timo H{\"a}ckel AND Sandra Reider AND
                        Philipp Meyer AND Franz Korf AND Thomas C. Schmidt},
        title         = {{A QoS Aware Approach to Service-Oriented Communication in
                        Future Automotive Networks}},
        booktitle     = {2019 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC)},
        location      = {Los Angeles, California, USA},
        month         = dec,
        year          = 2019,
        url           = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.01805},
        eprinttype    = {arxiv},
        eprint        = {1911.01805},
        abstract      = {Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) is about to enter
                        automotive networks based on the SOME/IP middleware and an
                        Ethernet high-bandwidth communication layer. It promises to
                        meet the growing demands on connectivity and flexibility
                        for software components in modern cars. Largely
                        heterogeneous service requirements and time-sensitive
                        network functions make Quality-of-Service (QoS) agreements
                        a vital building block within future automobiles. Existing
                        middleware solutions, however, do not allow for a dynamic
                        selection of QoS. This paper presents a service-oriented
                        middleware for QoS aware communication in future cars. We
                        contribute a protocol for dynamic QoS negotiation along
                        with a multi-protocol stack, which supports the different
                        communication classes as derived from a thorough
                        requirements analysis. We validate the feasibility of our
                        approach in a case study and evaluate its performance in a
                        simulation model of a realistic in-car network. Our
                        findings indicate that QoS aware communication can indeed
                        meet the requirements, while the impact of the service
                        negotiations and setup times of the network remain
                        acceptable provided the cross-traffic during negotiations
                        stays below 70\% of the available bandwidth.},
        langid        = {english}
      }
    • Timo Häckel, Philipp Meyer, Franz Korf, and Thomas C. Schmidt. SDN4CoRE: A Simulation Model for Software-Defined Networking for Communication over Real-Time Ethernet. In: Proceedings of the 6th International OMNeT++ Community Summit 2019. Pages 24—31, Dec. 2019, EasyChair,
      [Abstract], [Online], [DOI], [ArXiv], [Bibtex]

      Ethernet has become the next standard for automotive and industrial automation networks. Standard extensions such as IEEE 802.1Q Time-Sensitive Networking (TSN) have been proven to meet the real-time and robustness requirements of these environments. Augmenting the TSN switching by Software- Defined Networking functions promises additional benefits: A programming option for TSN devices can add much value to the resilience, security, and adaptivity of the environment. Network simulation allows to model highly complex networks before assembly and is an essential process for the design and validation of future networks. Still, a simulation environment that supports programmable real-time networks is missing. This paper fills the gap by sharing our simulation model for Software-Defined Networking for Communication over Real-Time Ethernet (SDN4CoRE) and present initial results in modeling programmable real-time networks. In a case study, we show that SDN4CoRE can simulate complex programmable real-time networks and allows for testing and verifying the programming of real-time devices.

      @InProceedings{   hmks-smsdn-19,
        author        = {Timo H{\"a}ckel and Philipp Meyer and Franz Korf and
                        Thomas C. Schmidt},
        editor        = {Meyo Zongo and Antonio Virdis and Vladimir Vesely and
                        Zeynep Vatandas and Asanga Udugama and Koojana Kuladinithi
                        and Michael Kirsche and Anna F{\"o}rster},
        title         = {{SDN4CoRE: A Simulation Model for Software-Defined
                        Networking for Communication over Real-Time Ethernet}},
        booktitle     = {Proceedings of the 6th International OMNeT++ Community
                        Summit 2019},
        month         = dec,
        year          = 2019,
        pages         = {24--31},
        volume        = {66},
        publisher     = {EasyChair},
        url           = {https://easychair.org/publications/paper/1TnZ},
        issn          = {2398-7340},
        doi           = {10.29007/w71t},
        eprinttype    = {arxiv},
        eprint        = {1908.09649},
        abstract      = {Ethernet has become the next standard for automotive and
                        industrial automation networks. Standard extensions such as
                        IEEE 802.1Q Time-Sensitive Networking (TSN) have been
                        proven to meet the real-time and robustness requirements of
                        these environments. Augmenting the TSN switching by
                        Software- Defined Networking functions promises additional
                        benefits: A programming option for TSN devices can add much
                        value to the resilience, security, and adaptivity of the
                        environment. Network simulation allows to model highly
                        complex networks before assembly and is an essential
                        process for the design and validation of future networks.
                        Still, a simulation environment that supports programmable
                        real-time networks is missing. This paper fills the gap by
                        sharing our simulation model for Software-Defined
                        Networking for Communication over Real-Time Ethernet
                        (SDN4CoRE) and present initial results in modeling
                        programmable real-time networks. In a case study, we show
                        that SDN4CoRE can simulate complex programmable real-time
                        networks and allows for testing and verifying the
                        programming of real-time devices.},
        series        = {EPiC Series in Computing},
        bibsource     = {EasyChair, https://easychair.org},
        langid        = {english}
      }
    • Philipp Meyer, Timo Häckel, Franz Korf, and Thomas C. Schmidt. DoS Protection through Credit Based Metering - Simulation-Based Evaluation for Time-Sensitive Networking in Cars. In: Proceedings of the 6th International OMNeT++ Community Summit 2019. Pages 52—59, Dec. 2019, EasyChair,
      [Abstract], [Online], [DOI], [ArXiv], [Bibtex]

      Ethernet is the most promising solution to reduce complexity and enhance the bandwidth in the next generation in-car networks. Dedicated Ethernet protocols enable the real-time aspects in such networks. One promising candidate is the IEEE 802.1Q Time-Sensitive Networking protocol suite. Common Ethernet technologies, however, increases the vulnerability of the car infrastructure as they widen the attack surface for many components. In this paper proposes an IEEE 802.1Qci based algorithm that on the one hand, protects against DoS attacks by metering incoming Ethernet frames. On the other hand, it adapts to the behavior of the Credit Based Shaping algorithm, which was standardized for Audio/Video Bridging, the predecessor of Time-Sensitive Networking. A simulation of this proposed Credit Based Metering algorithm evaluates the concept.

      @InProceedings{   mhks-dpcbm-19,
        author        = {Philipp Meyer and Timo H{\"a}ckel and Franz Korf and
                        Thomas C. Schmidt},
        editor        = {Meyo Zongo and Antonio Virdis and Vladimir Vesely and
                        Zeynep Vatandas and Asanga Udugama and Koojana Kuladinithi
                        and Michael Kirsche and Anna F{\"o}rster},
        title         = {DoS Protection through Credit Based Metering -
                        Simulation-Based Evaluation for Time-Sensitive Networking
                        in Cars},
        booktitle     = {Proceedings of the 6th International OMNeT++ Community
                        Summit 2019},
        month         = dec,
        year          = 2019,
        pages         = {52--59},
        volume        = {66},
        publisher     = {EasyChair},
        url           = {https://easychair.org/publications/paper/BtKC},
        issn          = {2398-7340},
        doi           = {10.29007/pxrk},
        eprinttype    = {arxiv},
        eprint        = {1908.09646},
        abstract      = {Ethernet is the most promising solution to reduce
                        complexity and enhance the bandwidth in the next generation
                        in-car networks. Dedicated Ethernet protocols enable the
                        real-time aspects in such networks. One promising candidate
                        is the IEEE 802.1Q Time-Sensitive Networking protocol
                        suite. Common Ethernet technologies, however, increases the
                        vulnerability of the car infrastructure as they widen the
                        attack surface for many components. In this paper proposes
                        an IEEE 802.1Qci based algorithm that on the one hand,
                        protects against DoS attacks by metering incoming Ethernet
                        frames. On the other hand, it adapts to the behavior of the
                        Credit Based Shaping algorithm, which was standardized for
                        Audio/Video Bridging, the predecessor of Time-Sensitive
                        Networking. A simulation of this proposed Credit Based
                        Metering algorithm evaluates the concept.},
        series        = {EPiC Series in Computing},
        bibsource     = {EasyChair, https://easychair.org},
        langid        = {english}
      }
    • Timo Häckel, Philipp Meyer, Franz Korf, and Thomas C. Schmidt. Software-Defined Networks Supporting Time-Sensitive In-Vehicular Communication. In: 2019 IEEE 89th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2019-Spring). Pages 1—5, Piscataway, NJ, USA, Apr. 2019, IEEE Press,
      [Abstract], [Fulltext Document (pdf)], [DOI], [ArXiv], [Bibtex]

      Future in-vehicular networks will be based on Ethernet. The IEEE Time-Sensitive Networking (TSN) is a promising candidate to satisfy real-time requirements in future car communication. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) extends the Ethernet control plane with a programming option that can add much value to the resilience, security, and adaptivity of the automotive environment. In this work, we derive a first concept for combining Software-Defined Networking with Time-Sensitive Networking along with an initial evaluation. Our measurements are performed via a simulation that investigates whether an SDN architecture is suitable for time-critical applications in the car. Our findings indicate that the advanced control overhead of SDN can be added without a delay penalty for the TSN traffic when protocols are mapped properly.

      @InProceedings{   hmks-snsti-19,
        author        = {Timo H{\"a}ckel and Philipp Meyer and Franz Korf and
                        Thomas C. Schmidt},
        title         = {{Software-Defined Networks Supporting Time-Sensitive
                        In-Vehicular Communication}},
        booktitle     = {2019 IEEE 89th Vehicular Technology Conference
                        (VTC2019-Spring)},
        location      = {Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia},
        month         = apr,
        year          = 2019,
        pages         = {1--5},
        publisher     = {IEEE Press},
        address       = {Piscataway, NJ, USA},
        issn          = {1090-3038},
        doi           = {10.1109/VTCSpring.2019.8746473},
        eprinttype    = {arxiv},
        eprint        = {1903.08039},
        keywords      = {IEEE standards;local area networks;protocols;software
                        defined networking;telecommunication traffic;vehicular ad
                        hoc networks;future in-vehicular networks;real-time
                        requirements;future car communication;Ethernet control
                        plane;time-critical applications;software-defined
                        networks;software-defined networking;time-sensitive
                        in-vehicular communication;IEEE time-sensitive
                        networking;programming option;SDN architecture;TSN
                        traffic;Control systems;Real-time
                        systems;Standards;Ethernet;Security;Automotive
                        engineering;Robustness},
        abstract      = {Future in-vehicular networks will be based on Ethernet.
                        The IEEE Time-Sensitive Networking (TSN) is a promising
                        candidate to satisfy real-time requirements in future car
                        communication. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) extends
                        the Ethernet control plane with a programming option that
                        can add much value to the resilience, security, and
                        adaptivity of the automotive environment. In this work, we
                        derive a first concept for combining Software-Defined
                        Networking with Time-Sensitive Networking along with an
                        initial evaluation. Our measurements are performed via a
                        simulation that investigates whether an SDN architecture is
                        suitable for time-critical applications in the car. Our
                        findings indicate that the advanced control overhead of SDN
                        can be added without a delay penalty for the TSN traffic
                        when protocols are mapped properly.},
        langid        = {english}
      }