Publications

Publications of type Technical Reports (English)

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    2018

    • Timo Häckel. A Middleware Solution for Open and Dynamic ICT Architectures in Future Cars - Hauptprojekt. Apr. 2018,
      [Abstract], [Fulltext Document (pdf)], [Bibtex]

      The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) of today's vehicles is currently experiencing a major revision. With the introduction of a centralised communication medium and the Service-Oriented-Architecture (SOA) paradigm, the automotive industry adopts the challenges posed by connected cars and autonomous driving. In novel SOA based ICT architectures the communication middleware for services plays an important role, as it enables services to exchange messages. This paper names the key aspects of such a middleware and specifies our solution. We design a Service-Oriented Architecture based middleware that supports Quality-of-Service (QoS) policies to define the requirements on a connection. Finally, we describe our realisation in the simulation environment OMNeT++.

      @TechReport{      h-msoda-18,
        author        = {Timo H{\"a}ckel},
        title         = {{A Middleware Solution for Open and Dynamic ICT
                        Architectures in Future Cars - Hauptprojekt}},
        month         = apr,
        year          = 2018,
        institution   = {CoRE Research Group, Hochschule f{\"u}r Angewandte
                        Wissenschaften Hamburg},
        abstract      = {The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) of
                        today's vehicles is currently experiencing a major
                        revision. With the introduction of a centralised
                        communication medium and the Service-Oriented-Architecture
                        (SOA) paradigm, the automotive industry adopts the
                        challenges posed by connected cars and autonomous driving.
                        In novel SOA based ICT architectures the communication
                        middleware for services plays an important role, as it
                        enables services to exchange messages. This paper names the
                        key aspects of such a middleware and specifies our
                        solution. We design a Service-Oriented Architecture based
                        middleware that supports Quality-of-Service (QoS) policies
                        to define the requirements on a connection. Finally, we
                        describe our realisation in the simulation environment
                        OMNeT++.},
        langid        = {english}
      }

    2017

    • Philipp Meyer. Simulation-based Evaluation of DoS Protection through Credit Based Metering in Time Sensitive Networking In-Car Networks. Nov. 2017,
      [Abstract], [Fulltext Document (pdf)], [Bibtex]

      Ethernet is the most promising solution to reduce complexity and enhance the bandwidth in the next generation incar networks. The real-time aspects in such networks are becoming possible through special Ethernet protocols. On promising candidate is the IEEE 802.1 Time Sensitive Networking protocol suite. However, the common Ethernet technology increases the vulnerability of the cars infrastructure. In this paper an algorithm is proposed which on the one hand provide protection against DoS attacks on switches by metering incoming Ethernet frames. And on the other hand adapts to the behaviour of the Credit Based Shaping algorithm which was firstly standardized in the Time Sensitive Networking predecessor Audio/Video Bridging. A simulation of this proposed Credit Based Metering algorithm evaluates the concept.

      @TechReport{      m-sepct-17,
        author        = {Philipp Meyer},
        title         = {{Simulation-based Evaluation of DoS Protection through
                        Credit Based Metering in Time Sensitive Networking In-Car
                        Networks}},
        month         = nov,
        year          = 2017,
        institution   = {CoRE Research Group, Hochschule f{\"u}r Angewandte
                        Wissenschaften Hamburg},
        abstract      = {Ethernet is the most promising solution to reduce
                        complexity and enhance the bandwidth in the next generation
                        incar networks. The real-time aspects in such networks are
                        becoming possible through special Ethernet protocols. On
                        promising candidate is the IEEE 802.1 Time Sensitive
                        Networking protocol suite. However, the common Ethernet
                        technology increases the vulnerability of the cars
                        infrastructure. In this paper an algorithm is proposed
                        which on the one hand provide protection against DoS
                        attacks on switches by metering incoming Ethernet frames.
                        And on the other hand adapts to the behaviour of the Credit
                        Based Shaping algorithm which was firstly standardized in
                        the Time Sensitive Networking predecessor Audio/Video
                        Bridging. A simulation of this proposed Credit Based
                        Metering algorithm evaluates the concept.},
        langid        = {english}
      }
    • Timo Häckel. Service Classification in Service-Oriented ICT Architectures of Future Vehicles - Hauptseminar. Jul. 2017,
      [Abstract], [Fulltext Document (pdf)], [Bibtex]

      The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) of today's vehicles is currently experiencing a major revision. With the introduction of a centralised communication medium and the Service-Oriented-Architecture (SOA) paradigm, the automotive industry adopts the challenges posed by connected cars and autonomous driving. In novel SOA based ICT architectures the communication middleware for services plays an important role, as it enables services to exchange messages. To design such a middleware it is important to know which services will communicate and what their requirements are. Therefore, this paper provides classification criteria for automotive services. Building on these criteria we describe a meta-data based approach to manage service communication via a middleware.

      @TechReport{      h-scifv-17,
        author        = {Timo H{\"a}ckel},
        title         = {{Service Classification in Service-Oriented ICT
                        Architectures of Future Vehicles - Hauptseminar}},
        month         = jul,
        year          = 2017,
        institution   = {CoRE Research Group, Hochschule f{\"u}r Angewandte
                        Wissenschaften Hamburg},
        abstract      = {The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) of
                        today's vehicles is currently experiencing a major
                        revision. With the introduction of a centralised
                        communication medium and the Service-Oriented-Architecture
                        (SOA) paradigm, the automotive industry adopts the
                        challenges posed by connected cars and autonomous driving.
                        In novel SOA based ICT architectures the communication
                        middleware for services plays an important role, as it
                        enables services to exchange messages. To design such a
                        middleware it is important to know which services will
                        communicate and what their requirements are. Therefore,
                        this paper provides classification criteria for automotive
                        services. Building on these criteria we describe a
                        meta-data based approach to manage service communication
                        via a middleware.},
        langid        = {english}
      }
    • Philipp Meyer. Preventing DoS Attacks in Time Sensitive Networking In-Car Networks through Credit Based ingress Metering. Jun. 2017,
      [Abstract], [Fulltext Document (pdf)], [Bibtex]

      Ethernet is the most promising solution to reduce complexity and enhance the bandwidth in the next generation incar networks. The real-time aspects in such networks are becoming possible through special Ethernet protocols. On promising candidate is the IEEE 802.1 Time Sensitive Networking protocol suite. However, the common Ethernet technology increases the vulnerability of the cars infrastructure. In this paper an algorithm is proposed which on the one hand provide protection against DoS attacks on switches by metering incoming Ethernet frames. And on the other hand adapts to the behaviour of the Credit Based Shaping algorithm which was firstly standardized in the Time Sensitive Networking predecessor Audio/Video Bridging. The evaluation of this proposed Credit Based Metering algorithm is evaluated on a state machine implementation.

      @TechReport{      m-patnc-17,
        author        = {Philipp Meyer},
        title         = {{Preventing DoS Attacks in Time Sensitive Networking
                        In-Car Networks through Credit Based ingress Metering}},
        month         = jun,
        year          = 2017,
        institution   = {CoRE Research Group, Hochschule f{\"u}r Angewandte
                        Wissenschaften Hamburg},
        abstract      = {Ethernet is the most promising solution to reduce
                        complexity and enhance the bandwidth in the next generation
                        incar networks. The real-time aspects in such networks are
                        becoming possible through special Ethernet protocols. On
                        promising candidate is the IEEE 802.1 Time Sensitive
                        Networking protocol suite. However, the common Ethernet
                        technology increases the vulnerability of the cars
                        infrastructure. In this paper an algorithm is proposed
                        which on the one hand provide protection against DoS
                        attacks on switches by metering incoming Ethernet frames.
                        And on the other hand adapts to the behaviour of the Credit
                        Based Shaping algorithm which was firstly standardized in
                        the Time Sensitive Networking predecessor Audio/Video
                        Bridging. The evaluation of this proposed Credit Based
                        Metering algorithm is evaluated on a state machine
                        implementation.},
        langid        = {english}
      }
    • Timo Häckel. Service Classification in Service-Oriented ICT Architectures of Future Vehicles - Grundprojekt. May. 2017,
      [Abstract], [Fulltext Document (pdf)], [Bibtex]

      Information and communication technology (ICT) is already a major driver in the automotive industry. Most of the new features and innovations over the past 10 years were enabled by ICT, still the usage of ICT in today's vehicles lacks behind it's possibilities. By introducing new service-oriented ICT architectures for future vehicles the industry tries to simplify the development and verification process as well as enabling Plug&Play capabilities in cars. As the current discussion shows, these new architectures will be built-on centralised computing units with high processing power using only one communication medium. Software components will be running as services inside and outside of the vehicular network. As this is a revolution in automotive software development, this paper gives an overview of the state of the art in research and industry regarding the design and deployment of novel ICT architectures. Based on this survey we extract the key attributes for service classification in the automotive domain and give an example on how to use this classification to control the communication between services, by arranging them accordingly.

      @TechReport{      h-scsoa-17,
        author        = {Timo H{\"a}ckel},
        title         = {{Service Classification in Service-Oriented ICT
                        Architectures of Future Vehicles - Grundprojekt}},
        month         = may,
        year          = 2017,
        institution   = {CoRE Research Group, Hochschule f{\"u}r Angewandte
                        Wissenschaften Hamburg},
        abstract      = {Information and communication technology (ICT) is already
                        a major driver in the automotive industry. Most of the new
                        features and innovations over the past 10 years were
                        enabled by ICT, still the usage of ICT in today's vehicles
                        lacks behind it's possibilities. By introducing new
                        service-oriented ICT architectures for future vehicles the
                        industry tries to simplify the development and verification
                        process as well as enabling Plug&Play capabilities in cars.
                        As the current discussion shows, these new architectures
                        will be built-on centralised computing units with high
                        processing power using only one communication medium.
                        Software components will be running as services inside and
                        outside of the vehicular network. As this is a revolution
                        in automotive software development, this paper gives an
                        overview of the state of the art in research and industry
                        regarding the design and deployment of novel ICT
                        architectures. Based on this survey we extract the key
                        attributes for service classification in the automotive
                        domain and give an example on how to use this
                        classification to control the communication between
                        services, by arranging them accordingly.},
        langid        = {english}
      }

    2014

    • Ruben Jungnickel. Object Tracking and Dynamic Estimation on Evidential Grids. Jul. 2014,
      [Fulltext Document (pdf)], [Bibtex]
      @TechReport{      j-otdee-14,
        author        = {Ruben Jungnickel},
        title         = {{Object Tracking and Dynamic Estimation on Evidential
                        Grids}},
        month         = jul,
        year          = 2014,
        institution   = {CoRE Research Group, Hochschule f{\"u}r Angewandte
                        Wissenschaften Hamburg},
        langid        = {english}
      }

    2013

    • Florian Bartols. Cluster Simulation of Real-time Ethernet based Electronic Control Units in Context of Automotive Applications: Calculation of Suitable Hardware Setups. May. 2013,
      [Abstract], [Fulltext Document (pdf)], [Bibtex]

      The increasing complexity of automotive networks and their high bandwidth requirements will demand new concepts in networking of electronic automotive components. TTEthernet is a suitable candidate to solve this problem. In order to allow testing of control units in an early point in the development process, cluster simulation has been established as an adequate manner and therefore in this project it is developed for Real-time Ethernet using the example of TTEthernet. In this work, hardware and topology setup approaches for a Real-time Ethernet based cluster simulation are explained. Furthermore, a formal model basing on set theory is presented, that allows for calculating suitable topologies in dependency of selected devices under test.

      @TechReport{      b-csf4t-13,
        author        = {Florian Bartols},
        title         = {{Cluster Simulation of Real-time Ethernet based Electronic
                        Control Units in Context of Automotive Applications:
                        Calculation of Suitable Hardware Setups}},
        month         = may,
        year          = 2013,
        institution   = {CoRE Research Group, Hochschule f{\"u}r Angewandte
                        Wissenschaften Hamburg},
        abstract      = {The increasing complexity of automotive networks and their
                        high bandwidth requirements will demand new concepts in
                        networking of electronic automotive components. TTEthernet
                        is a suitable candidate to solve this problem. In order to
                        allow testing of control units in an early point in the
                        development process, cluster simulation has been
                        established as an adequate manner and therefore in this
                        project it is developed for Real-time Ethernet using the
                        example of TTEthernet. In this work, hardware and topology
                        setup approaches for a Real-time Ethernet based cluster
                        simulation are explained. Furthermore, a formal model
                        basing on set theory is presented, that allows for
                        calculating suitable topologies in dependency of selected
                        devices under test.},
        langid        = {english}
      }

    2012

    • Florian Bartols. Cluster Simulation of Real-time Ethernet based Electronic Control Units in Context of Automotive Applications: Extending FIBEX for Real-time Ethernet. Sep. 2012,
      [Abstract], [Bibtex]

      The increasing complexity of automotive networks and their high bandwidth requirements will demand new concepts in networking of electronic automotive components. TTEthernet is a suitable candidate to solve this problem. In order to allow testing of control units in an early point in the development process, cluster simulation has been established as an adequate manner and therefore in this project it is developed for Real-time Ethernet using the example of TTEthernet. This work realizes a FIBEX extension for TTEthernet and presents an approach for model-to-model transformation of the proprietary TTEthernet-Network-Description to the developed FIBEX extension.

      @TechReport{      b-csf4t-12,
        author        = {Florian Bartols},
        title         = {{Cluster Simulation of Real-time Ethernet based Electronic
                        Control Units in Context of Automotive Applications:
                        Extending FIBEX for Real-time Ethernet}},
        month         = sep,
        year          = 2012,
        institution   = {CoRE Research Group, Hochschule f{\"u}r Angewandte
                        Wissenschaften Hamburg},
        abstract      = {The increasing complexity of automotive networks and their
                        high bandwidth requirements will demand new concepts in
                        networking of electronic automotive components. TTEthernet
                        is a suitable candidate to solve this problem. In order to
                        allow testing of control units in an early point in the
                        development process, cluster simulation has been
                        established as an adequate manner and therefore in this
                        project it is developed for Real-time Ethernet using the
                        example of TTEthernet. This work realizes a FIBEX extension
                        for TTEthernet and presents an approach for model-to-model
                        transformation of the proprietary
                        TTEthernet-Network-Description to the developed FIBEX
                        extension.},
        langid        = {english}
      }
    • Florian Bartols. Cluster Simulation of Real-time Ethernet based Electronic Control Units in Context of Automotive Applications. Feb. 2012,
      [Abstract], [Fulltext Document (pdf)], [Slides (pdf)], [Bibtex]

      The increasing complexity of automotive networks and their high bandwidth requirements will demand new concepts in networking. TTEthernet is a suitable candidate to solve this problem. In order to allow testing of control units in an early point in the development process, cluster simulation has been established as an adequate manner and therefore it is developed for the TTEthernet protocol in this project. This paper gives an outlook of my upcoming Master's thesis and presents the work packages and the remaining risks.

      @TechReport{      b-cstte-12,
        author        = {Florian Bartols},
        title         = {{Cluster Simulation of Real-time Ethernet based Electronic
                        Control Units in Context of Automotive Applications}},
        month         = feb,
        year          = 2012,
        institution   = {CoRE Research Group, Hochschule f{\"u}r Angewandte
                        Wissenschaften Hamburg},
        abstract      = {The increasing complexity of automotive networks and their
                        high bandwidth requirements will demand new concepts in
                        networking. TTEthernet is a suitable candidate to solve
                        this problem. In order to allow testing of control units in
                        an early point in the development process, cluster
                        simulation has been established as an adequate manner and
                        therefore it is developed for the TTEthernet protocol in
                        this project. This paper gives an outlook of my upcoming
                        Master's thesis and presents the work packages and the
                        remaining risks.},
        langid        = {english}
      }